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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 上线用时:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


2016两会国家区域经济话题讨论|面对显示对战,中华加工制造怎么才能稳定行业力?——政协会议中华市场经济答问之四


dazaoyeshiguochengshifazhandehexin。2018nianzhichu,muqianwoguogongyeyuanchengshifazhanzengzhangwenzhongqiujin,danduiyuꦑwentifuzaxingdequanqiuxinxingshi、“tuogouleduanlian”deduiwaibutiaozhan,xiangguandeyingwen“fuwuyelianqianru”“guodazaotedianbu”denggeshengbutingde。


5riti🅺qingjueyidexiangguanbumenbumenshiyehuibaozhong,“shijingshenrutuijinyishihuaqiyefengxianguanlitixijianzhu,huanmanfazhanqianjingxinzhishengchanzhizaoli”wenju202duonianxiangguanbumenbumenshiyederenwushoupi,shifangchulailelichangjiandingzhulaoshitihuashichangjingjizhizhengzhijideshengdongzoushi。


congtongzhidanshaichudexinjieduanmubiaoxinzhicai,daodaibiaoyingwenlishihui、jishuzhuanyeyishengxueshujiedengdailailedelidianguhejishuzhuanyefenxi,zaidaomeitirenzaijicengdecaifangjimingque,jiurangmenduiwoguodeyanfahuifushichangjingzhenglili,baozheng tianfulanchoukuaisufazhanshanglejinyibumohudedelijie𓆉renshi。


正确对待大变局,自信心足韧劲强


henfuzayangederongyuqingkuangxia,woguozhizaochangyezhongxiaoqiyezoushifenxizaodaoguanzhugongzhonghao。


“woguodachenggongyijixieshebeishebeirenbakongqi、♐taidasifudianjichengxudengdeguojinkouhua,zhenggengkuaichuhangjungongshisu,dafutishengguoji🦩yingwenchayeshichangqiangzhanlv。”yingkouxinsongjixieshebeishebeirenshoudonghuagufenxianyouzigongsizongzaizhangjindaibiaoyongshentilishiyinwei,zaigoufadazhongguocuyonggejudejixieshebeishebeirenxingye,bahexinneirongjishuyingyongwolao、gongyelianzuoquan,“jiusuanshifengyuntubian,zenyangcainengwenbufazhanqianxing”。


tashipinpaiquanjigupiaoshichangdexiezhao,yeshiquanguozhizuoyeyaoduijibaidefengyunbianhuan。


wangri1nian,woguodahuanjingfenggaolangji。diyuanzhengzhisixiang、chaojidaguozhijiandejiaozhudengchongjishiyanbiandeyuelaiyuehenshen,facaiwoguozhizuoyeyeliuhui,putaoya、xibeiyadengditiaojianxunsuweilaifazhan,zhijiandejiaozhu♔zhujianjihua。zheiyangshikeguanchuxian、yunxutaobidexianshishehui。ranhou,changshuaiwoguodezhizuoye、changshuaiwoguodetiaojiandelundiaojiazazheizhizhong,shisuoxuzuoyidingbianzhengjieshaode。


huiyingchengjiu、huizhankenan,zhongjiagongchanyelianzongliang、jinchukoumaoyizong💖💝liangmanzuleliangdeshiduzengzhang,baozhengzhuanyeshichangzhanyoulvdezongtianquanwending。


juduiyingguojiajiweifuzeguanlirenchuyu“chuzhang💦tongchang”shangjiandanjieshao,202sinian,fadaguojiaquanbudougongyehuatishengzhidadao30wanyigangyuan,zhangdpde31.7%。zhizaojishuyedaguimojianduan1sinianjuyouxishouyao。


“xinshuzihuafuwu🔯yebiaozhunfazhanrendingzuizhongyaojinxing”“goujinhendafuwuyebuduanchuangxinkeyanchengguodadaoguojijinxianjinjitiqingkuang”……zhengfubumenzuoyeshenqingshudeyixilunshu,tuxianchuqiangguoyanzhidezhashigaigeꦉchuangxin。


shishixianxianleruhanmeisuochengde“liutongyeliangenggaichao”ma?


bixuchengren,shouchengbenfeiyongdengqingkuangyinxiang,yibufenlaodongzhejujixingjinpinshangpindeshengchanzhuanrangdaoqitadedeguojia。suoyi,zaiwomenneidiyishendudexiangrushijieshidabizhilianrenwufenpei,nai⛎zhiyuyixiegongchangchechuwomenneidiyouquhuilai,huorengxucongwomenneidijinpingengduo💯zhongchangpin。


“jibukenengyipiangaiquan,jiangmouxieguanjianyuanzesuanzuozongtiqianjing,yebixukanchu zheiqizhongdeliutongyedefazhandezhukeguanwuguilv,dajiadeliutongyezhengchuyuqiyezhuanxingfazhangengxinxitongshengjizhongsuzaodeshichangjingzhengli。”taihexincaijituanchangjiajianjiegupiaojiagebijiaoyouxianchangjiadongshijuzhangsongxiquanyiweiyifangjiyejulishuomingshuo,ershimouxiejiagongchuliguanjianyuanzezhuanzou,danzongtizhuijiazhizhengchuyuzengqiang。202wunian,dangjinquanqiugedigaonengmianxianweideshengchannenglizhanquanquanqiugedidebilvdadaosanfenzhongdeyizhong,202wunianchukoumaoyi𓄧ehuanbizengzhangelvzengzhange14.4%。


zonghexingxiangguanbumenshujufenxixinxixianshi,dangjinzai500zhongzuizhuyaoqiyefuwuzhong,guoneiyou40%yineifuwushengchannianchanliangpaidiquan.qiu1,yonghucesuanji、diannao、riguangnengdianchixiangban🌄dengerpihenzhongyaofuwushengchannianchanliangzhanquan.qiubangeyinei。dazaoyeguimojiaozhanquan.qiuxuqiuliangtupo30%。


bijiaohaodejiagongfuzhuangyekuaisuzengzhangfazhan,jianggaojiqiaojiagongfuzhuangyegaoxinkejixingyebujujinyibujijie。46geouzhoudifangbi🎀jiaohaodejiagongfuzhuangyefuwuqijiqun、178jiaouzhoudifanggaoxinkejiqu💖zonglanbufang,julianchengqunjiedui。qunianniandi,tixianchugaoxinkejixingyepeihehemokuaihuaxiaoguodezhuangzhijiagongfuzhuangyejinkoushang13.43yiwanyi,“xinsanyang”changpinjinkoushangchongciyiwanyi。


“yizhongguoguo🦂jiaxindianlinengyuanxinqicheshiಞli,changxingshijiankaodeshinengli、shuipingheyouxiaoxinxihuadejiachanlian。”beijingzhanganxinqichedongshihuizhangzhuhuarongdailishuo,shebeigouzaozaixianshengjizhengbianweizhizuoyelingyigeshuodeshigeguanjianxingzhijiandejingzheng。


“tuogouleduanlian”pengzhuanglemuqianguoneizaishijieshidafuwuyelianchushouliandezhuangtaima?huarenzhizaochuxiangtongdexinnianzuoda——


youlelianbanguofangchanfazhanguileizhongzhenggezhizaoyeleixing;zaijigehexinling😼yuxingyeheguanjiansuozaidaolushangzuchengqizhongyipijubeiquanfangchanfazhanlianjingzhengzhelidezhuyaoyoushifangchanfazhan;yipeizhizhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”gongchang1.2wanjiaᩚᩚᩚᩚᩚᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ⁤⁤⁤⁤ᩚ𒀱ᩚᩚᩚ,90%shangwenshiwoguogeguoxianzhimingpinpaidagongchangdemokuaihuagongyingxinxishang。


mo𝓡delxshanghaihendagongsi,linglingpeijianwoguoguojihuazhanlvelvgaochu95%。modelꦜxdagongsizhizuofudazongcaicaisonggangshuo,modelxyuwoguoshengchanshang“tongshenggongli”。


yidaliquanqiuqiyegong✤siwangzhanfagaocheng“zaiwoguozaochengdeshuwanzhongkuangjiacheliangbuyaonengzhaodaoledaiyongpifashangshang”。zaiwoguoyingguoshang(haoshang)maihuiquqianfenxiangde2023/28niandudeqifangdichanyexinrendiaochafanganshangbaoxianshi,yibanyishangfangtanqiyegongsifanganzairihouliangnianduozengqiangzaihuatouru,qingkuangzhiliushipifashanglianwanzheng、dechuangxinnenglitishengziji。


“xiaobianxiangyouxitongdeqiyetizhi、judadezhuanyeshichangchanzhidengyouyuexing,zhizaochujishuyezhangqixingdechaozhebianhaodedazhimianyiyangjiangu。”zhongguodaneididianziqijianzixunqiyefazhanjinbutan🏅jiuyuanjianchazhangzhanglidaibiaoyingwenshuo,zheixieshizhongguodaneidizhizaochujishudepolisuoshu、suxingsuoshu。


处置挑战自我,做到“稳”的韧劲


sishoubujinjingzhengyoushi,yaoyaobaochi“wen”dekongzhili。tanranmianduishijieshangxingyeliangonghuolianfenqubujushencengxiuzheng,xiaoguokaifajiangzheiyangyi“wen”ying𓆏li?


——xianyaoguimowen。“baohuzhonggongyeshenghuowenbuzidongyunxing”,xiangguanbumengongzuoshangtongjijiangdilewenkuodadezhidushujuxinxi。


qiyeshengchanhexiaoxihuabuzhouweizhangjinzhuanglongzai8richenggongjubandeshisijiequanzhongdajiadaliangciduomeiti“zhouweizhangqudao”shangshuoming,zaijinniandejiangshenkezhixingsidaxingyeneiwenzhangfugang🦹weijihua,jiangliqiyeshengchanqiangsheng、qiyeshengchandashi“yongtiaocheliang”。


laoshihualingyudekuaisufazhanzaishougong꧂yanfalingyuzhanyoulvchao80%,shixiandaizhinenghuahualingyudekuaisufazhanxitongdejidi,zhijieguanxijingjinenglikuaisufazhanheguojiyouhui,yeshiwoguokongzhizhongguodi1shougongyanfalingyujingjidaguodifangdejibenxing𝐆pan,bukeyilaoshihualingyudekuaisufazhanzuowei“zhongdidanglingyudekuaisufazhan”jianjietichu。pinggubaogaozhimingyixilituiguang,weilegenghaodituidonglaoshihualingyudekuaisufazhandechuangxindafutisheng。


wanchengchuantonghuadisanchanyechengfendediaozheng,laogongnongyechanyeyuanfushunzhongxinhuanfaxinshengyibanji。fushunshishengzhanggaojiandailishuo,zheng🌄shejiouzhouguojijigaoewaizengjiazhichuangxingangjinquyangliaochanyeyuan,mouhuaxinqiangshi。


——douyaotizhiquan,baochiwendinghaochanyefazhantizhidexiangjin。


2023-5nian,fujianzhuangzuzizhiquanqubaiseshixinyingshengtaibaohulvxingyenianchanliangdetisheng1200wanyi,rongrulvtukuangziranziyuangongxianggaozuo🔜yong,dachengconglvziranziyuangongxiangdaojingshenshengchandewanshanxingyelian。


baogaofanwenruxian“shangshengdongbeifangxianghedongxifangbudedifangchenglanliutongyezhuanjiaoxiaoguo”,bingduipeiyangrencaizhuanxingshengjizuixianjinzhizuoyequnjidengyuyituiguang。“zheijiangjinmeiyibuzhelichixutuijindaozhilingyushiduzuzhi🍃jiagou、liandongjizhifazhanzhuangdadeliutongyedageju。”baiseshizhenzhanggeguokebiaodashuo,baisezhengzhutuichixutuijinquanguo—dongmengguojialiutongyehezuogongyingqubaisequyujibenjianshe,dazaodechenglanguoneidewailiutongyezhuanjiaogaofeng。


——yeyaochuandongliantiaoqiang,jiaqiangchanyelianjilieli。


gongnongyeheduanxinhuabushuodao,jianglituifangandazaoyehexinfuwuyelianyouzhihualiangchengzhang jihua。yilianyice,bubuqiduanban、🐲duanzhangban、qiangjichuzhishi,jiaqiangfuwuyeliangonghuoliannaimoxinghejilieshichangjingzhengli。


“zaijinniande,geweijiangzhubuguandiaoshengchanfuzhuangyexingyelingyuwaizigushichang♏zhunruyingxiangfangan,yeyubeishidiangongzuoshengkaihuꦓgaosulianwangluowangdongtaishujuhexindengzengzhilvliantongyewuliucheng。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


追上商机,提升新质的生产方式


juyuxiangzhongzhonggaodangpapoguokandezhiguanzhongyaokouan,quanqiuzhizaochangyaotuijinquelixinzhigongzuoli。


zhengfuxinggongzuoshangtongjiyuzhongbutongtuichulai“wanquanchongfendiaodongxinxing🦩juguofaguiyouquedian,xinyiluntibazizhuxuexichuangxinjishuxuexinengli”。cong“jin༒jielilunzhishitansuozhengtifangshi ”dao“zhizhiyoushilidegongsiqiyezhubanxingfeichangdagongguanxiangmushijierenwu”,tongjituichulaiyikuanxingcuoshi。


zhongshi,chanpincongyanjiukaifadaochanliangdebijingzhitu。zhuyaoshiyinweitouruliangjiaogao,buxiaoqiyegongsiquefanzhongshizhuanyenengli。jingzhundingweishangshu“pingjing”,gaibaogao✱qingchu“tigaogenbenxingwangluogenjizhuangzhigongzuotixihuabuzhi,tuiguangtongyixinggongyiwangshangjigou、zhongshiyanjiancezhengwangshangjigoukaifa”。


gongyepinhewentiꦓhuabujinnianjiangyanxushixinghaokejikaifagongsigenbenxingzichazijiuhehexinxinchanpinkaifayuji,jiansheguihuaqizhongyipiguojiajiagongjiagongzhizaoyechuangxinkuaisuzhuangdazhongyang,kuaisuzhuangdagaoxinkaifagongsi,kongzhidisanquanchanyelian,tuidongkuaisuzhuangdaxinzhijiagongli。


zhunquebawoxingxinpinpaidefazhan、molaipinpaidefazhan,peiyangrencaibijiaoduoxindaolu。


“guanjianzhudongyingzaoweishengwuzhizaochang、shangyexinghangkonghangtian、dikongchengshifazhandengxinjiazhanglingtouꦗyang”“queliliangzi𝐆jishugongyi、baobaodilixuedengxinniubogelinbeihuan”“kaiqipisuzhizaoyexiandaoqu”……pinggubaogaobaoweiguanjianzhudongfuzhixinxingqilaizhizaoyehesuzhizaoye,zhengcecuoshishi、tuiguangxi。


“qudeshenglizhuanxingchenshi,zhengdouxinjishuzhigaodianbiranqushi。”nanchang🧜gaodehongwaizichanshifenyouxiandanweidongshijuzhanghuanglidaibiaoxingshuo,jinripinpaiyaozaidikongjingjitiaojian、naojichakongdengyanjiu🥃fangxiangfazhan。


gongyezhizaohekehuxinxibujinxingrentoulu,jianghuanmanlingxianjimugongyihetezhengjimugongyishichangjizhi、peizhiyouquediankehu、jianquanjiachanshengtaijingguan。zaiweilaishenghuojiachangefangmian,batongyongderengongchengbenzhinenghua、renxingjiziren、naojimokuaidengshenweixiayigebuzhouneirongzhanlvebujudelujing。zuohaogongbudelingxianjimugongyituiguangyingxiaomulusuoyin,xujinjinweiraoneirongcengmianzhizuoxuanyong🐻shiyanbaogaochang,huanmanjiachanpeizhi。


nazhuhaomashangyejihui,gaosudu“shoudongzidonghua+”。


muqianwoguoxiujianquanshijieshuliangzuiduodenei💧rongtongxinwangweixinwangluo,kuangchishuliangquanshijiezuihou,duolingrenshensideshuzishizhuanꦓxingshizhizaochuyejiajudezuililiangdaoxiangzhongdeyige。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shijiachanjingjizhuanxingdebixu,yeshinuligoujianzhuangdaxinyoushiyulieshideguanjianyinsu。”ztetongxinshebeichigushifenyouxiangongsichujifufuheizongcaicaimiaoweitixianshuoꦫ,yonghaoxinshidechanshengdegongju,youxinrenganzheyanyuqianti、qiangzhuajihui、gengkuaizhuangda。

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